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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Machiavellianism among male and female adolescent sport participants and non-participants. found in the catalog.

Machiavellianism among male and female adolescent sport participants and non-participants.

John Elliott Wallace

Machiavellianism among male and female adolescent sport participants and non-participants.

by John Elliott Wallace

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Published by Microform Publications, College of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Oregon in Eugene .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.S.) University of Oregon, 1977.

The Physical Object
Pagination1 microfiche ((71 fr)) :
Number of Pages71
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13745527M

  It’s too much to say it’s the rare male sports star who doesn’t do those things, but it’s certainly more common among the lads. The function of sports as a kind of mortal combat for men is. This study investigates factors influencing participation of Afro-American female adolescents in sports. Following a review of the literature, two topics are addressed. The first of these, "Behavior in Sport," discusses benefits of sports to youth; stereotypes of Afro-American female sports participants; behaviors of female athletes; and the effects of motivation.

From what you see at the game or on television, you might think that sports injuries are more common among male than female athletes. That may be true for college and NFL football players, since nearly all are male. But, women are actually more prone than men to suffer many of the most common sports .   Sports participation and physical education in American secondary schools: Current levels and racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities. American Journal of Prevention Medicine, 44, SS Kreager, D. A. (). Unnecessary roughness? School sports, peer networks, and male adolescent violence. American Sociological Review, 72,

IN THIS ISSUE: “THE GENDER GAP – MALES & FEMALES IN SPORTS” Back in prehistoric times, when the Neanderthals roamed the earth and the land was not troubled by deep waves of thought, only males competed in sports. As was widely accepted as fact, the female . This review examines gender identity issues in competitive sports, focusing on the evolution of policies relating to female gender verification and transsexual participation in sport. The issues are complex and continue to challenge sport governing bodies, including the International Olympic Committee, as they strive to provide a safe environment in which female athletes may compete fairly and.


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Machiavellianism among male and female adolescent sport participants and non-participants by John Elliott Wallace Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Machiavellianism among male and female adolescent sport participants and non-participants. [John Elliott Wallace]. 1. Introduction Machiavellianism. Machiavellianism refers to individuals' tendency to use other people as tools to maximize their personal benefits and to achieve their goals (Bereczkei,Christie and Geis,Fehr et al.,Wastell and Booth, ).According to Christie and Geis (), Machiavellian worldview is a measurable individual-difference variable including three Cited by: Male and female face of Machiavellianism: Opportunism or anxiety.

Machiavellianism among men was associated with an opportunistic worldview. Abstract. participants were conducted to investigate gender differences in Machiavellianism-related personality characteristics.

We used different measures of Machiavellianism and explored their Cited by: male and female adolescent sport participants might experience situations differently and Gender, adolescence, and sport psychological skills International SportMed Journal, Vol No.4, December. In order to address this issue, the first aim of this paper was to develop and validate the Adolescent Sport Drug Inventory (ASDI) among adolescent athletes from Asia, Europe, North America, and.

Background. Sport is a common form of Leisure Time Physical Activity (LTPA) [1, 2] which has been shown to result in many health systematic reviews found that there are many psychological and social health benefits specifically associated with participation in sport for children, adolescents and adults [3, 4].There is consistent evidence that those who participate in club.

This level of equity in participation of this coed sport allowed for the male counterpart to see that the female was capable of meeting the demands of the sport, and changed the perception of most of the male participants.

Further, this study showed an increased positive self-perception of the female participants. RECOMMENDATION. This gives male athletes an advantage in sports that involve throwing, kicking and hitting, and explains the higher incidence of musculoskeletal injuries among female athletes.

On the other hand, female athletes have a wider pelvis and a lower center of gravity, which provides excellent balance. Unlike male groups, there were two sports participation trajectory groups for female participants (i.e., high-decreasing and low-stable groups).

The mean age of female participants in wave 1 ( years) was the same as that of male participants. Participants’ mean reaction time (RT) and lapses (number of trials with RT above ms; cf.) were introduced in ANOVAs with the between participants factors of gender (male, female) and sport participation (athletes vs.

non-athletes) and the within participants factor of time on task (block 1, 2 and 3). Note that data from the 9 minutes of. cused on male sports participation, and this is apparently because of the greater frequency and societal significance of male sports (e.g., Chick, Loy, & Miracle, ; Roberts et al., ; Sipes, ).

The first systematic attempt to assess the frequency of male and female sports across societies was recently undertaken, and it. (occupied by a female tennis player) position is million dollars.

According to a BBC study carried out in10 out of 35 sports that attribute prize money do not pay the same amount to sportswomen and sportsmen. Some policy recommendations from the Council of Europe to ensure a gender-balanced and gender-sensitive participation in sport.

The result was a corpus of largely atheoretical work on ‘‘women in sport’’ founded upon a liberal feminist consciousness about sport as a ‘‘male preserve’’ characterized by gender inequities. Between and psychological models were mainly used to explain female attitudes and motivations in sports.

This paper describes this theoretical model and uses data from two studies, one focusing on adolescents, and one focusing on elementary school-aged children, to evaluate the utility of this model for understanding gender differences in sport participation.

It reaches the following conclusions: (a) the Eccles et al. model holds for sport as well. Evidence from among young women in high-income countries shows that female athletes are less likely to consume drugs (such as cocaine, marijuana, etc.) than non-athletes.

Gender-specific disorders Current research indicates that regular physical activity may decrease or slow down the onset of osteopenia and osteoporosis in women. In her book on lesbians and homophobia in sports, author Pat Griffin notes that myths about lesbians have a number of consequences in sports.

Data show that sport participation opportunities for girls and women are. generally scarce at the professional level. When sport worlds are male-centered it means that. men and men's lives are the. Comparative study on the participation of male and female students towards extracurricular sport activities.

Male Latino and Hispanic athletes are recognized most for their participation in which of the following. female sport. -research focuses on how people experience sports and how identities are related to sport participation and sport cultures.

Carl, S. Depression, body image, and self-esteem as a function of sports participation among male and female adolescents. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.

Carmichael, B. Children's perceptions of coaching style and their association with perceived competence, self-esteem, and anxiety. Overall, female students had higher GPAs than did male students; both female and male participants had higher GPAs than did non-participant comparison groups.

Similarly, in a study of students in a large metropolitan high school inBranch () found significant differences between the academic achievement of students who did. Female sports participation has proven positive effects that are related to academic achievement; job success; positive self-esteem; reduced incidence of self-destructive behaviors like smoking, drugs, sex at a young age, and teen pregnancy; and physical and mental health benefits.Most studies of Machiavellianism that include male and female participants find gender differences.

Generally, the distributions of Mach scores for male and female participants are broadly overlapping with the mean slightly lower for female participants (exceptions are cited below in Multiple strategies within the genders).

For White participants, watching lean sports increased self-objectification, whereas for participants of color, watching nonlean sports had the same effect. Discussion focuses on self-objectification in adolescents and how cultural differences in the female body ideal are reflected in portrayals of female athletes.